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    Global in scale and in its repercussions, World War II lowest price created a new world in the home and overseas. After the collapse of France in the spring of June 1940, he pushed for a significant military buildup and began providing aid in the form of Lend-Lease to Britain, which stood alone against the Axis forces. America, he declared, has to become "the great arsenal of democracy." After that, America's ability to produce hundreds of thousands of tanks, airplanes, and boats for itself and its allies demonstrated a critical factor in Allied victory, as did the fierce resistance of the Soviet Union, that had joined the war in June 1941 after being attacked by Germany. The brilliance of America's military leaders, including General Dwight D. Eisenhower, who planned and led the assault against the Nazis in Western Europe, and General Douglas MacArthur and Fleet Admiral Chester Nimitz, who led the Allied effort in the Pacific, also led to the Allied success.
    The war ended with the Axis powers' unconditional surrender in 1945.
    ER had played an enormous role in the planning and implementation of New Deal programs. Though she wasn't in a position to take an active part in the day-to-day planning and prosecution of the war, she found other ways to exercise her influence. She served briefly as assistant director of the Office of Civilian Defense, but found that by serving in a formal position she generated so much controversy that it harmed the agency, and she resigned.  Her major issues, however, were with refugees, the advancement of civil rights and social programs, and also the house front. She worked tirelessly for refugees, especially Jews, out of Europe, encouraging and aiding the work of aid organizations such as the Emergency Rescue Committee and the Children's Crusade for Children, and forcing FDR and other members of his government to do more. Her efforts were often frustrated, but she didn't give up and continued to pursue this job following the war when it was easier for refugees to leave Europe. On the home front, she visited defense plants around the country and employed her "My Day" column and speeches to encourage the war effort. She chose to champion civil rights and civil liberties asserting that America could not simultaneously fight racism overseas and tolerate it in home. The painful sacrifices of war would be moot if America did not attain equality and justice for all its citizens. Thanks to her efforts, opportunities for African Americans in the military, including opportunities to engage in combat, were enlarged significantly. ER was also directly responsible for ending segregation in army recreational locations and transport solutions.  Always an advocate for girls, ER championed their best to work in war-related industries and strongly image encouraged girls to achieve that. She had been instrumental in beginning social programs like day-care centers and neighborhood laundries to lighten the national burdens of the women workers. After the war, ER encouraged the right of women to remain in their jobs if they depended upon their wages. ER also continued to support labor and its right to arrange despite opposition from Congress, organization, and the public, along with her insistence on the significance of postwar planning has been reflected in FDR's call to get a G.I. Bill of Rights.